This file is a segment of the Annotated Constitution of the Congressional Research Service.

Find the case you are seeking in the footnotes by either using the search function or flipping to your page reference.

  • Article II, Executive Powers

    • Powers and Duties of the President

      • Pardons and Reprieves


The Annotated Constitution is a 3,000 page document produced by a research arm of Congress. It outlines how the United States Constitution has been interpreted by courts (mostly the Supreme Court) over time. It discusses the important Supreme Court cases relating to each section of the Constitution.