Substantive vs. Procedural Law


Substantive Law

Rights and Prohibitions

  • Right to free speech
  • Right to bear arms
  • Prohibition on theft
  • Prohibition on speeding
  • Prohibition on discrimination in the sale or rental of housing

Procedural Law

Rules/Procedures for implementing the law

  • Right to a hearing
  • Right to confront an adverse witness
  • Requirement to give fair notice in legal actions
  • Requirement to file a lawsuit before a certain deadline
  • Requirement of federal agencies to receive public comments before making rules